Effect of Parental Care on the Academic Performance of A Child
Introduction: Home environment and parents’ care are important determinants of academic achievement. An academically favorable home environment is likely to enhance the child’s motivation to achieve academic success which in turn will contribute to good performance in school. Considerable research evidence suggests that parents’ behavior with their children – stimulation, consistency, moderation and responsiveness – influence the children’s cognitive and social development. Families whose children are doing well in school exhibit the following characteristics:
- Establish a daily family routine by providing time and a quiet place to study with the children and assigning responsibility for house hold chores.
- Monitor out-of-school activities, for example setting limits on television watching, reduce time of playing video games, monitor the groups of friends etc.
- Encourage children’s development and progress in school; that is, maintaining a warm and supportive home, showing interest in children’s progress at school, helping him or her with home work, discussing the value of a good education and future career with children.
When we at Eklavya School, best CBSE school in Jalandhar city, work together with families to support learning, children tend to succeed not just in school, but throughout life. In fact the most accurate predictor of a student’s achievement in school is not income or social status, but the extent to which that student’s family is able to create a home environment that encourages learning and to express high expectations for their children’s future careers and become involved in their children’s education at school and in the home.
Difference between Parents in levels of involvement: Levels of involvement are positively related to social class and to maternal levels of education. Parental involvement decreases as the child gets older. Single parent status and problems with maternal psycho-social health (especially depression) have a negative impact on involvement. Material poverty also has a powerful negative impact. Many parents feel put off from involvement by the way some teachers treat them. Finally, the children themselves are shown to have a significant influence on the degree to which their parents get involved. Parents feel very involved in primary than in secondary schools. Mothers feel more involved than fathers.
Essential Parents’ responsibilities are to:
Provide an environment that is safe: Keep your child free from physical, sexual, and emotional abuse. Keep unsafe objects locked up or out of reach of your child, correct any potential dangers around the house, Take Safety Precautions, lock doors at night, etc.
Provide your child with basic needs: There some basic needs like Water, Plenty of nutritious foods, Shelter, A warm bed with sheets, blankets, and a pillow, Medical care as needed/Medicine when ill, Clothing that is appropriate for the weather conditions etc., that parents must meet for the up keep of their children.
Provide your child with self-esteem needs: Accept your child’s uniqueness and respect his or her individuality, Encourage (don’t push) your child to participate in a club, activity, or sport, Notice and acknowledge your child’s achievements and pro-social behavior, Encourage proper hygiene (to look good is to feel good, or so they say!). Set expectations for your child that are realistic and age-appropriate.
Teach your child morals and values: Let your child know the values of the following qualities: Honesty, Respect, Responsibility, Compassion, Patience, Forgiveness, Generosity etc.
Develop mutual respect with your child: Use respectful language, respect his or her feelings, respect his or her opinions, respect his or her privacy, respect his or her individuality.
Involve yourself in your child’s education: Communicate regularly with your child’s teacher(s), Make sure that your child is completing his or her homework each night, Assist your child with his or her homework, but don’t do the homework. Talk to your child each day about school (what is being studied, any interesting events, etc.). Recognize and acknowledge your child’s academic achievements.
Get to know your child: Spend quality time with your child, be approachable to your child. Ask questions from your child time to time and Communicate with him/her always.
Impact of parental involvement: There are four components of parental involvement namely; parental aspirations for children’s education, parent-child communication about school; home-structure and parental participation in school related activities. It should be emphasized that ‘parental aspiration’ refers to the parents’ hopes and expectations for the child’s continuing education, ‘parent-child communication’ refers specifically to school related matters, ‘home structure’ refers to the degree of discipline exerted by the parents to insist on homework completion and to limit potentially distracting activities (e.g. watching T.V.) whilst ‘parental participation in school’ more self evidently refers to parent support for and participation in school and class functions.
Conclusion And Recommendation: It was concluded that when parents come to school regularly to know the well beings of their children, it reinforces the view in the child’s mind that school and home are connected and that school is an integral part of the whole family’s life. Academic achievement improves when parents play the following role in their children’s learning at early stage.
Act as teachers: Parents should create a home environment that promotes learning, reinforces what is being taught at school and develop life skills. Children need to become responsible adults.
As supporters: Parents should contribute their knowledge and skills to the school, enriching the curriculum, and providing extra services and support to students.
As advocates: Parents should help children negotiate the system and receive fair treatment and work to make the system more responsive to all families.
As decision maker: Parents serve as advisory councils, on curriculum committees and management teams, participating in joint problem solving at every level.